Overstock/Refurbished Industrial Equipment: Advantages

Do you know the advantages of overstock/refurbished industrial equipment?

The choices when you buy industrial automation equipment are varied.  Do you buy new? Overstock? Refurbished? Do you consider repairing your current part? 

The age of your factory automation systems and the availability of parts will drive some of these decisions. OEMs give limited options for older legacy systems. And the longer a system remains in use after legacy status, the more challenging it becomes to source quality replacement parts.

Here at AX Control, we stock a wide range of professionally refurbished, repaired, and reconditioned automation parts from companies like GE, Eurotherm, and Reliance Electric, just to name a few.  We inspect, clean, test, and bring every piece of legacy equipment in our inventory back to proper working order. Only then is it placed into our online inventory.

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Electric Motor Protection Relays Explained

Single phasing, Earth faults, and short circuits are just a few potential points of failure in motors. Electric motor protection relays can help.

No facility wants to halt production due to an Earth fault or short circuit, but these things do happen. Still, you can prevent these shutdowns by using electric motor protection relays. That said, not everyone understands the intricacies of these useful devices. Read on to discover an explanation of electric motor protection relays.

Why Is Motor Protection Important?

The vast majority of motors in any given industry are induction motors. They are economical and easy to maintain, but they do require certain technology to run optimally and without failure. When you operate these motors without motor protection, you open yourself up to all sorts of financial risks.

In addition to the cost of repair or replacement, you’ll also lose money from shutting down production. Because induction motors are vital to your facility, you won’t be able to get back up and running until you fix the problems. You’ll lose precious hours fixing the problem, taking your employees away from other important tasks.

How Motor Protection Relays Work

You might wonder how motor protection relays work to solve this problem. They protect against short circuiting, thermal overloads, locked rotors, single phasing, and Earth faults. Once the relay detects a fault, it will open the breaker to disconnect the faulty circuit. Motor protection relays can also notify you when this occurs so you can get your people on it right away.

Benefits of Motor Protection Relays

This process avoids the potential of a motor functioning at limited capacity until it breaks, giving you time to address the problem as you see fit. By using an electric motor protection relay, you should not need to replace your motors. Instead, you can perform small repairs on the faulty circuits.

When you need GE Multilin relays for your facility, AX Control has you covered. We carry the products you need for your industry, and you can always reach out to us with any questions you may have.

Now that you know how electric motor protection relays work, you should have a better understanding of whether you need one in your facility. Make sure you look over the benefits of motor protection relays carefully. They can save you a lot of time and money.

Gas Turbine Maintenance Strategies To Consider

No matter what kind of gas turbine you use in your facility, there are a few core maintenance strategies that you should consider. Read on to learn more.

Many gas turbines are constantly at work in different facilities, but the maintenance strategies for keeping them up and running are largely the same. We’ve made a list of a few gas turbine maintenance strategies to consider to help your facility thrive.

Understand Your Assets

This might be an obvious suggestion, but make sure you know what you’re working with! Having a clear understanding of your current assets and procedures is essential to setting up a viable strategy. If you haven’t put pen to paper yet for your strategy, make that a priority. You can work out the gaps and kinks after writing everything down.

Prioritize Proactivity

Proactive maintenance is everything in an industrial environment. For gas turbines, you can avoid unnecessary downtime by fixing problems before they arise through condition-based maintenance. You’ll see many touting the benefits of time-based maintenance, but condition-based maintenance is more effective.

Time-based maintenance may cause you to replace components before they’ve worn down, meaning you’re wasting hours of use. When you change out parts based on condition, you know you’re getting the most out of them before replacements.

Determine Your Optimum Maintenance Process

Just as optimum organizational processes exist, optimum maintenance processes also exist. Collect data on your gas turbine in order to determine how to optimize these processes, like condition-based maintenance. You won’t know exactly the right time to replace a component until you can see your turbine’s performance data, with components showing varying degrees of wear.

Once you know the prime time for replacements, you can purchase components like the Mark IV DS3800 gas turbine control system to avoid extended downtime.

Now that you know these gas turbine maintenance strategies to consider, implement them at your organization. You’ll be surprised how much something like preventative maintenance can do for productivity in your facility!

The Difference Between DC & AC Drives in Automation

You can’t have success in the automation industry without DC or AC drives. Learn more about each type of drive and what makes them different in this guide.

Electrical motors are essential in automation, but they aren’t nearly as useful without a drive to regulate speed. Alternating current and direct current drives are crucial to the performance of motion control systems, but each tackles its job in a different way. Keep reading to discover the difference between DC and AC drives in automation and learn which is better for you.

Electrical Drives

AC and DC drives are both types of electrical drives—an electronic device that controls the speed of an electric motor. You would be hard-pressed to find an industrial facility without dozens of electrical drives employed across devices, as these are a critical component in every facility.

What Is an AC Drive?

AC drives are devices that control the speed of an AC motor—these motors can be used in a variety of applications, from controlling fans to operating complicated machinery.

To understand what AC drives do, it’s important to first have an understanding of AC motors. Alternating current motors typically have two or three phases that determine the number of electromagnetic coils inside.

In a two-phase motor, you’ll see two pairs of electromagnetic coils across from each other that form a plus shape. In the center of these coils (which are known as stators), there is a magnet, called a rotor. The stators function 90 degrees out of phase, and this discrepancy causes the magnet to rotate. A three-phase motor functions in much the same way but features three pairs of stators that are 120 degrees out of phase.

An AC drive system has three important parts: an operator control, a drive controller, and an AC motor. The operator control is the method for starting and stopping the motor, as well as changing the operating speed.

The drive controller works by changing a constant AC voltage and frequency into variable voltage and frequency.

Types of AC Controllers

Not all AC controllers are created equal. Let’s look at a few common types of AC controllers you’re likely to run into.

Pulse-Width Modulated

Pulse-width modulated AC controllers are among the most common in general-purpose drives. PWM controllers use a full-wave rectifier to convert the AC power source into a fixed DC voltage. A filter network then smooths the DC voltage and sends it through a pulse-width modulated inverter by use of high-power transistors.

This voltage is not truly sinusoidal but is instead a pulsed approximation—this is where the device gets its name. The waveform is pulse-width modulated, although it closely follows the regular shape of a sine wave.

Load Commutated Inverter

A load commutated inverter (LCI) is a system containing both an input and output thyristor bridge. The input bridge supplies a DC current into an inductor, while the output bridge passes the DC current to the generator’s stator, causing rotation.

What Is a DC Drive?

DC drives come with the same main parts as an AC drive; the operator control and drive controller are, in theory, the same components. However, a DC drive has a DC motor rather than an AC motor. As with an AC drive, the operator controller dictates the speed of the motor using a device like a dial.

The drive controller regulates the input using a phase control device or pulse-width modulator.

Types of DC Drives

Just as there are multiple types of AC controllers, there are several types of DC drives.


Most DC drives are nonregenerative, meaning they control torque and speed in a single direction. When you add another electromechanical armature, you can reverse polarity and change the direction of rotation.


Regenerative drives can control motor speed, direction of rotation, and torque. When the motor is braking, a regenerative drive can convert mechanical energy into electrical energy and return it to the AC power source. These are less common than nonregenerative drives but have significant power-saving advantages.

Key Differences

Now that you know a bit more about how AC and DC drives work, let’s explore the key differences between the two.


As we explored earlier, the main difference between these drives is the way they operate. While AC drives convert AC voltage into DC with a rectifier circuit, DC drives convert the AC input into DC at varying voltages. While the processes are different, the result is the same: motor speed control.


A major difference between the two drives is that DC drives are self-starting while AC drives are not. This is a benefit that pushes DC over the edge for many people—a quick start is always a positive!

Speed Limitations

The commutator in DC drives limits the maximum speed, while AC drives do not share this limitation. Two-pole AC drives can reach 3,600 rpm at 60 Hz, while four-pole AC drives reach approximately 1,800 rpm.

Converter Circuit

AC drives require two converter circuits: one to convert AC to DC and an inverter to convert DC back to AC. DC drives only require one converter circuit—the rectifier that allows AC to DC conversion.


Because they utilize two conversions, AC drives are considered more complex than DC drives. This allows for easier repair of DC drives, which may save you time on the factory floor.


Due to the simplicity of their design, DC drives are generally less expensive than AC drives. Repairing or replacing a DC drive will typically cost less than AC drive maintenance.

When you need local or remote operator controls for power modules, there isn’t a better choice than the Reliance FlexPak 3000. It’s a DC drive line that’s ideal for configured drive applications in which you require as much wiring and panel flexibility as possible.

Now that you know the difference between DC and AC drives in automation, you can choose which is best for you based on your applications. When you require a more efficient option, you may want to choose DC power. LED lights, for example, are far more efficient than incandescent lights, and a majority of LEDs utilize DC power. If you have any questions about the differences between these two types of drives, contact the experts at AX Control.

The Difference Between DC & AC Drives in Automation